English translation :
1) The United States has unilaterally refused to supplement or reappoint judges.
A “It’s an unacceptable blackmail that you can’t do in international relations. Are they dissatisfied with the results of the judgment or the dissatisfaction system itself? The US is threatening not to accept the WTO budget proposal.
International relations are not a sport for fighting. The interests of each country are complex and different, so members need to respect and discuss each other. “
2) What is the problem?
A “There are two points. One is the selection method of judges. Consensus (consensus) of member countries is necessary for creating new rules. However, this is a matter of procedure, and no consensus is needed. Veto is not for procedural issues) “
“The other is whether the dispute settlement system needs to be reformed. There are many issues such as whether the judges properly interpret and operate the WTO rules, and it is reasonable to discuss this. If the United States is dissatisfied with the judgment, it can always be claimed that the United States seeks correction because the interpretation is wrong.
The US has no choice but to talk with other members about a solution. ”
3) How should members resolve trade disputes if the WTO dispute resolution function stops?
A “For the time being, there is no choice but to respond within the current system. For example, the European Union (EU) and Canada have agreed to consult with a former judge member. There is also a way to accept the panel’s judgment. EU should do whatever it takes to keep the dispute settlement system working “
4) The need for WTO reform is increasing.
A “Reform have been discussed since the WTO’s multilateral trade negotiations (Doha Round) that started in 2001. The global situation has changed greatly, and reforms are inevitable. For example, the subsidy issue by the Chinese government. Rules to curb state subsidies that prevent fair and equitable competition will be necessary. There have also been discussions on how to enhance the role and authority of the WTO Secretariat for a long time, and if the Secretariat can make policy proposals, it will be useful for many negotiations. Agricultural issues still matter for many developing countries.